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Salernitano Horse and the Ceramics of Vietri. Why?
Our journey in search of excellence to propose to those who, like us at Club Cavallo Italia, love horses and their elegance stops in the province of Salerno because the Salernitano Horse originated here and in Vietri, in the province of Salerno, born the Vietri ceramics that the whole world of envy.
The Salernitano Horse
The origin of the Salernitano Horse dates back to the settlements of Greek horses in southern Italy after the founding of Paestum, later crossed both with Carthaginian and Etruscan horses and with oriental horses, due to the Saracen invasions and trade exchanges promoted by Amalfi merchants.
But the ancestors of Salernitano Horse are certainly to be found among the horses belonging to the Royal Race of Persano of the stables of Charles III Bourbon obtained by mating with Arabian stallions and even Andalusi.
For about two centuries the Persano Horse remained the most typical breed of southern Italy and the crossing of Persano specimens carefully selected with English Thoroughbred allowed to obtain a horse of extreme docility and obedience, elegant and very robust.
Towards the end of the 1800s, during the periods of ownership of the Royal Bourbon breeding, some breeders of the Salernitano Horse attempted to improve the breed by crossing their own specimens, sometimes in an imprudent manner, with the most disparate breeds such as Hackney, Maremmano, Norfolk and French Trotters.
Unfortunately, with the influx of blood Mecklenburg began the slow but inexorable decline of the race, rapidly falling into oblivion after the unification of Italy.
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At the beginning of the twentieth century the new demands due to the outbreak of the Great War accelerated the revaluation of the Persano Horse and the Jubilee stallions – an English Thoroughbred – and Giacobello – oriental half-breed – coupled with about eighty breeds of various breeds gave life to saddle horses and from light shot of excellent character and invoice and correct morphology.
During the ’30s the Salernitano Horse benefited from important stallions, in particular the two English Thoroughbred My First and Rockbridge, thus changing the original appearance.
Later the breeding of the Persano Horse underwent other vicissitudes, until its total transfer, in 1970, in the Grosseto and only thanks to the great passion of private breeders, assisted by the Deposit Stalloni of Santa Maria Capua and Vetere, the Salernitano Horse is back in the limelight also thanks to the results obtained by some triumphant subjects in various international competitions.
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The Salernitano Horse and the Ceramics of Vietri
Now let’s discover…
Now let’s discover the Ceramiche di Vietri, where our Jewel in Vietri Ceramics is born and dedicated to horses and their elegance.
You find Vietri sul Mare in the most protected corner of the gulf, one of the most important towns on the Amalfi Coast, in the province of Salerno.
Already inhabited at the time of the ancient city of Marcina (presumably founded by the Tyrrhenians), Vietri, in addition to offering a splendid sea, is surrounded by magnificent Mediterranean vegetation.
Certified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, Vietri sul Mare, one of the most beautiful corners of the world, as we said, is famous for its extraordinary ceramic workmanship.
Coming from the sea the eye is immediately attracted by the spectacular majolica of the dome of the seventeenth-century church of San Giovanni Battista, which immediately makes us understand the ancient art that reigns in the city and which is found in the artisan activity of all Vietri sul Mare.
First of all we recommend a visit to the Ceramics Museum to understand the great and important history of the ancient tradition of Vietri ceramics because all the colors of the Amalfi Coast seem to meet in Vietri, in the enamels and decorations of ceramics produced since 1600.
Creative synthesis, immediacy of image, colors that are combined by contrast and not by shaded overlap, these are the characters that mark the Ceramics of Vietri.
The first news of a flourishing activity related to the production of ceramics date back to the XIV Century, as shown by the great demand for tiles and tiles produced by the master builders of that period.
But a certain documentation of the Vietri Ceramics industry is only in the sixteenth century with the production of dishes and containers for water conservation, bowls and small jars for storing spices and drugs.
The qualitative leap was in the seventeenth century when the Ceramics of Vietri were enriched with artistic forms and decorations that led to the creation of objects related to religious worship such as domestic fonts, majolica tiles with a religious subject, panels and votive shrines still scattered in the alleys of the area.
Beginning in the 1920s, the great quality of Vietri Ceramics attracted world-famous artists and artisans (Irene Kowaliska, Riccardo Dolker, Giovannino Carrano) who made Vietri one of the recognized capitals of the production of art ceramics.
Today the ceramics workshops of Vietri are a show in the show.
The narrow streets of Vietri, are full of small shops and craft shops where the art of ceramics reaches truly unique levels, both in shapes and colors.
And now we invite you to get to know another Italian excellence: Murano Glasses. Enjoy your visit. Thanks.
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